July 22nd

Most common reason for migration

It’s neither education nor employment but marriage that’s the biggest driver of migration in India. The finding, which was part of the 2011 Census, was published recently and showed that 46% of the total migrants moved because of marriage, and of these, 97% were women. As many as 20.58 crore women in India migrated for marriage, the data shows. As per the Census, the total population of married women was 29.3 crore, which means that 70% of married women had to migrate to another location.

Employment or business accounted for only 10% of total migrants, while education accounted for 1.2%. India’s business capital Mumbai has taken in the highest number of migrants. As per the 2011 Census, there were 90 lakh migrants in Mumbai, while Delhi stood second with 63%. Uttar Pradesh stood third, but there is a possibility that a large number of people moved to places close to Delhi (such as Noida) and commuted to the capital for work. The visualisation below show the States which host the highest number of migrants.

Gujarat, Haryana (again, proximity to Delhi is a big factor) and Madhya Pradesh are also among the top five destinations to which people migrate. Although no southern State is among the top 10, Tamil Nadu (11th) had 16.5 lakh migrants in 2011, the largest number among the southern States. About 38% of the migration was from rural to urban areas, while urban to urban migration accounted for the second highest, 32%. The numbers also indicate that people from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan account for 46% of the total number of migrants. The visualisation below shows the States where the highest number of migrants originate from.

Photo: Mohammed Yousuf

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